Many people ask about the difference between Oriental rugs and Persian rugs. Often the difference confuses rug buyers who want new or used authentic hand-made rugs. Many rug sellers, especially those selling used rugs, claim they have authentic Persian or Oriental area rugs. They might not know themselves what makes a rulg Oriental or Persian. This article will help the average rug buyer understand the difference. 

Persian Tabriz Area Rug

Location, Location, Location!

A rug’s origin is the characteristic that determines the value and the name. Persian rugs come from Iran (Persia). Rugs from China, India, Egypt, Pakistan or Afghanistan are not Persian rugs, but are still Oriental rugs. If a rug comes from a country other than China, India, Egypt, Pakistan, Iran, or Afghanistan, it is neither Oriental nor Persian.

Persian rugs are a symbol of the history and traditional skills of the Iranian people. They feature a distinctive style of handcrafting rugs that is native to this region specifically. Designers and dealers consider hand-made rugs from Iran to be the best in quality. Because of their tight, hand-tied knots, they often take over a year to complete. Up to five craftsmen might work together full time on large, elaborate rugs.

Design and Pattern

The various designs of Oriental rugs represent the regions where they come from. For example, silk rugs are a popular product of China, characterized by traditional Buddhist motifs and a palate of traditional colors. Persian rugs are also distinctive in design and pattern. Each type is crafted in vibrant colors and patterns that reflect local or regional character. Some popular designs of Persian rugs include Tabriz, Kashan, Heriz, and Kerman. Each is named after villages, cities, or nomadic tribes specializing in that particular style or pattern of the weave.

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