Different Types Of Rugs
Rugs are of different types, depending on how they are made. Handmade area rugs (different and higher in quality than machine-made rugs), also have certain types within them. The finest rugs are made by weavers who collectively work on one rug, tying individual knots with wool or silk threads. We share below the different types of handmade rugs. Within handmade rugs there are 2 basic types; pile rugs and flat weaves.
Pile is a common term found when searching rug e-commerce sites, but what does rug pile mean? Rug pile refers to the visible tufts of yarn on a rug’s surface. In other words, the pile is the face of the rug. Rug pile can be cut or left in loops, thick or thin, soft or coarse. Here’s a breakdown of the different kinds of the pile and what you need to know about each.
Rug pile comes in two varieties: cut and loop. Cut pile is the more common of the two styles and describes tufted rugs with clipped yarn loops. Cut-pile carpets are soft and dense, making them perfect for areas where bare feet are common, like the bedroom or living room. Rugs with loop pile, on the other hand, are woven or tufted and the yarn loops are left uncut. Since the loops are left intact with loop-pile rugs, they tend to be more durable, making them a good fit for high-traffic areas.
Flat Weave Rugs
As the name describes, these rugs are “flat” and have no pile; they are made with warp strands that are used as the foundation (threads tied vertically, from top to down on a loom), while the weft strands, (threads are woven from side to side over the warp strands), are used as part of the foundation, as well as to make a design. The design is made by changing the colors and width of the weft strands. The Native American rugs are flat weaves. Most of the imported flat weaves are either from India and Pakistan and they are called Durries, or they are usually from Iran, Afghanistan, Turkey, and from some former Soviet Republics, and they are called Kilims or Gilims.
Machine Made Rugs
Machine-made rugs, also known as machine woven or loom woven rugs, are rugs woven on power looms operated either by hand, machine, or computer. Machine-made rugs are all the rage in the rug industry due to the immense variety of sizes, colors, and designs available with machine-made rugs. Moreover, machine-made rugs can imitate the patterns used in the most popular handmade designs at much more affordable prices. For magnificent rugs at a great value, roll out the red carpet for machine-made rugs!
Machine-made rugs are made by large machines called power looms. A power loom is electrically automated and controlled by computers. Machine-made rugs can be made quickly and are manufactured with materials including wool and synthetic fibers such as polypropylene, nylon, polyester, acrylic and art silk.
Machine-made rugs can offer a lower price alternative to hand-knotted rugs. Machine-made rugs usually have a lifespan of about 20 years or less, depending on the quality and fiber used. For example, a high-quality machine made wool rug can last for decades if it is well maintained. Machine-made rugs are generally not of any value to a collector. Although there are certain brands, such as Karastan rugs, that have a very loyal following. Karastan brand is made in the US, they have been making rugs for decades, and their rugs are of superior design and quality.